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Discussione: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

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    Predefinito Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    Topic teso a dimostrare che il fantomatico modello tedesco tanto decantato dai politici italiani è in realtà altamente inefficiente come ogni altro modello socialdemocratico e non può essere assolutamente preso come modello di riferimento.
    Dannato Barone Rosso.

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    Predefinito Re: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    Partiamo con il costo dell'energia, le spinte politiche di sussidio tese ad incentivare la produzione di energia verde, hanno portata il costo dell'energia ad essere il secondo più alto in Europa (indovinate chi è il primo )






    Germany's Energy Poverty: How Electricity Became a Luxury Good


    High Costs and Errors of German Transition to Renewable Energy - SPIEGEL ONLINE

    If you want to do something big, you have to start small. That's something German Environment Minister Peter Altmaier knows all too well. The politician, a member of the center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU), has put together a manual of practical tips on how everyone can make small, everyday contributions to the shift away from nuclear power and toward green energy. The so-called Energiewende, or energy revolution, is Chancellor Angela Merkel's project of the century.

    ANZEIGE


    "Join in and start today," Altmaier writes in the introduction. He then turns to such everyday activities as baking and cooking. "Avoid preheating and utilize residual heat," Altmaier advises. TV viewers can also save a lot of electricity, albeit at the expense of picture quality. "For instance, you can reduce brightness and contrast," his booklet suggests.
    Altmaier and others are on a mission to help people save money on their electricity bills, because they're about to receive some bad news. The government predicts that the renewable energy surcharge added to every consumer's electricity bill will increase from 5.3 cents today to between 6.2 and 6.5 cents per kilowatt hour -- a 20-percent price hike.


    German consumers already pay the highest electricity prices in Europe. But because the government is failing to get the costs of its new energy policy under control, rising prices are already on the horizon. Electricity is becoming a luxury good in Germany, and one of the country's most important future-oriented projects is acutely at risk.


    After the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan two and a half years ago, Merkel quickly decided to begin phasing out nuclear power and lead the country into the age of wind and solar. But now many Germans are realizing the coalition government of Merkel's CDU and the pro-business Free Democrats (FDP) is unable to cope with this shift. Of course, this doesn't mean that the public has any more confidence in a potential alliance of the center-left Social Democrats (SPD) and the Greens. The political world is wedged between the green-energy lobby, masquerading as saviors of the world, and the established electric utilities, with their dire warnings of chaotic supply problems and job losses.


    Even well-informed citizens can no longer keep track of all the additional costs being imposed on them. According to government sources, the surcharge to finance the power grids will increase by 0.2 to 0.4 cents per kilowatt hour next year. On top of that, consumers pay a host of taxes, surcharges and fees that would make any consumer's head spin.


    Former Environment Minister Jürgen Tritten of the Green Party once claimed that switching Germany to renewable energy wasn't going to cost citizens more than one scoop of ice cream. Today his successor Altmaier admits consumers are paying enough to "eat everything on the ice cream menu."


    Paying Big for Nothing


    For society as a whole, the costs have reached levels comparable only to the euro-zone bailouts. This year, German consumers will be forced to pay €20 billion ($26 billion) for electricity from solar, wind and biogas plants -- electricity with a market price of just over €3 billion. Even the figure of €20 billion is disputable if you include all the unintended costs and collateral damage associated with the project. Solar panels and wind turbines at times generate huge amounts of electricity, and sometimes none at all. Depending on the weather and the time of day, the country can face absurd states of energy surplus or deficit.


    If there is too much power coming from the grid, wind turbines have to be shut down. Nevertheless, consumers are still paying for the "phantom electricity" the turbines are theoretically generating. Occasionally, Germany has to pay fees to dump already subsidized green energy, creating what experts refer to as "negative electricity prices."


    On the other hand, when the wind suddenly stops blowing, and in particular during the cold season, supply becomes scarce. That's when heavy oil and coal power plants have to be fired up to close the gap, which is why Germany's energy producers in 2012 actually released more climate-damaging carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than in 2011.


    If there is still an electricity shortfall, energy-hungry plants like the ArcelorMittal steel mill in Hamburg are sometimes asked to shut down production to protect the grid. Of course, ordinary electricity customers are then expected to pay for the compensation these businesses are entitled to for lost profits.


    The government has high hopes for the expansion of offshore wind farms. But the construction sites are in a state of chaos: Wind turbines off the North Sea island of Borkum are currently rotating without being connected to the grid. The connection cable will probably not be finished until next year. In the meantime, the turbines are being run with diesel fuel to prevent them from rusting.


    In the current election campaign, the parties are blaming each other for the disaster. Meanwhile, the federal government would prefer to avoid discussing its energy policies entirely. "It exposes us to criticism," says a government spokesman. "There are undeniably major problems," admits a cabinet member.


    But this week, the issue is forcing its way onto the agenda. On Thursday, a government-sanctioned commission plans to submit a special report called "Competition in Times of the Energy Transition." The report is sharply critical, arguing that Germany's current system actually rewards the most inefficient plants, doesn't contribute to protecting the climate, jeopardizes the energy supply and puts the poor at a disadvantage.


    The experts propose changing the system to resemble a model long successful in Sweden. If implemented, it would eliminate the more than 4,000 different subsidies currently in place. Instead of bureaucrats setting green energy prices, they would be allowed to develop indepedently on a separate market. The report's authors believe the Swedish model would lead to faster and cheaper implementation of renewable energy, and that the system would also become what it is not today: socially just.


    Trouble Paying the Bills


    When Stefan Becker of the Berlin office of the Catholic charity Caritas makes a house call, he likes to bring along a few energy-saving bulbs. Many residents still use old light bulbs, which consume a lot of electricity but are cheaper than newer bulbs. "People here have to decide between spending money on an expensive energy-saving bulb or a hot meal," says Becker. In other words, saving energy is well and good -- but only if people can afford it.


    A family Becker recently visited is a case in point. They live in a dark, ground-floor apartment in Berlin's Neukölln neighborhood. On a sunny summer day, the two children inside had to keep the lights on -- which drives up the electricity bill, even if the family is using energy-saving bulbs.


    Becker wants to prevent his clients from having their electricity shut off for not paying their bill. After sending out a few warning notices, the power company typically sends someone to the apartment to shut off the power -- leaving the customers with no functioning refrigerator, stove or bathroom fan. Unless they happen to have a camping stove, they can't even boil water for a cup of tea. It's like living in the Stone Age.


    Once the power has been shut off, it's difficult to have it switched on again. Customers have to negotiate a payment plan, and are also charged a reconnection fee of up to €100. "When people get their late payment notices in the spring, our phones start ringing," says Becker.
    In the near future, an average three-person household will spend about €90 a month for electricity. That's about twice as much as in 2000.


    Two-thirds of the price increase is due to new government fees, surcharges and taxes. But despite those price hikes, government pensions and social welfare payments have not been adjusted. As a result, every new fee becomes a threat to low-income consumers.
    Ultima modifica di Morfeo; 09-09-13 alle 19:57
    Dannato Barone Rosso.

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    Predefinito Re: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    Citazione Originariamente Scritto da morfeo Visualizza Messaggio
    Topic teso a dimostrare che il fantomatico modello tedesco tanto decantato dai politici italiani è in realtà altamente inefficiente come ogni altro modello socialdemocratico e non può essere assolutamente preso come modello di riferimento.
    Basta copia&incollare le avventure di Naitmer riguardo al sussidio, non occorrono grandi grafici.
    Qassim, morfeo and Hermes like this.
    Preferisco di no.

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    Predefinito Re: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    Insomma topic teso a dimostrare che morfeo è un pazzo del tutto delirante

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    Predefinito Re: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    Germany is being crushed by its export obsession
    http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/4f975...44feabdc0.html
    The country’s recent success has been based on cutting wages, writes Adam Posen

    High quality global journalism requires investment. Please share this article with others using the link below, do not cut & paste the article. See our Ts&Cs and Copyright Policy for more detail. Email [email protected] to buy additional rights. Germany is being crushed by its export obsession - FT.com

    If Germany’s economic model is the future of Europe, we should all be quite troubled. But that is where we seem to be going. The apparently successful re-election campaign of Angela Merkel, the Christian Democrat chancellor, promises “Germany’s future in good hands”. More, in other words, of the same. The policy response to the eurozone crisis is likely to remain a programme to induce member states to follow Germany’s path to competitiveness: cutting the cost of labour. Make no mistake; that has been the basis of the nation’s export success in the past dozen years; and exports have been its sole consistent source of growth in that period. But low wages are not the basis on which a rich nation should compete.
    Since 2003 a falling unemployment rate has been the consequence of the creation of a large number of low-wage and part-time or flexitime jobs, without the benefits and protections afforded earlier postwar generations. Germany now has the highest proportion of low-wage workers relative to the national median income in western Europe. Average wages increased by more than inflation and productivity growth in the past year for the first time after more than a decade of stagnation.


    High quality global journalism requires investment. Please share this article with others using the link below, do not cut & paste the article. See our Ts&Cs and Copyright Policy for more detail. Email [email protected] to buy additional rights. Germany is being crushed by its export obsession - FT.com

    Ideally, a wealthy country should stay competitive through research and development, and capital investment. Instead, total gross fixed investment has fallen steadily in Germany, from 24 per cent to less than 18 per cent of gross domestic product, since 1991. The recent OECD Economic Survey of Germany states that German investment has been persistently well below the rate of the rest of the Group of Seven leading economies since 2001 (and not just because of the bubbles of the mid-2000s in the US and UK). Even the employment mini-miracle and export boom since 2003 were not enough to induce German businesses to increase investment – and public infrastructure investment has been even more lacking.
    The other way for a rich country to stay at the top of the value-added chain, and thus compete on productivity, is to invest in human capital – that is, to educate its workforce. In Canada, France, Japan, Poland, Spain, the UK and the US, the share of young workers with advanced education is at least 10 per cent higher than in Germany – in most of them, 20 per cent higher or more. Germany, moreover, is one of only two advanced economies in which the share of those aged 25-34 with higher-education qualifications is the same as, or smaller than, in preceding generations (the US is the other). Germany has failed to invest in its public university system while the private sector has maintained but not expanded the supply of its famous apprenticeships.


    High quality global journalism requires investment. Please share this article with others using the link below, do not cut & paste the article. See our Ts&Cs and Copyright Policy for more detail. Email [email protected] to buy additional rights. Germany is being crushed by its export obsession - FT.com

    The result is that Germany’s productivity growth has been low compared with its peers. Growth in gross domestic product per hour worked is 25 per cent below the OECD average, whether one goes back to mid-1990s or looks at just the past decade – and whether or not one excludes the bubble years for the US and UK. With these productivity numbers, it is no wonder German business is competing only by reducing relative wages and moving production east.
    Examples of outstanding businesses from the Mittelstand sector – middle-sized, family-run companies – and their manufactured exports to China should not obscure the reality. As the Peterson Institute’s Lawrence Edwards and Robert Lawrence show in their new book Rising Tide , manufacturing’s share in total employment has fallen by the same amount in the past 40 years, about 15 per cent, in almost all the advanced economies – including Germany. The only rich economies where manufacturing employment shrank less were Italy and Japan, neither engines of growth. The terms of trade for manufacturing – that is the relative value of manufactured goods from a country compared with all of its manufactured imports – have risen by the same amount for the US as for Germany since 1990. There is no evidence for special manufacturing success in Germany.
    Some might say the country is merely making the best of the situation in which richer economies find themselves in a globalised world – particularly in regard to downward wage pressure for low-skilled labour in the west. Certainly, it is not alone in its rising inequality and the reluctance of its corporations to invest. Such an assessment, however, blinds us to the gains to be had from a different kind of reform agenda that is possible for Germany and the euro area.
    German under-investment is the result of deep structural problems in the economy, which are not the fault of its now more flexible labour markets. The export obsession has distracted policy makers from recapitalising its banks, deregulating its service sector and incentivising the reallocation of capital away from old industries. Furthermore, public investment in infrastructure, education and technological development could help increase profitable private investment, which would lead to growth with higher wages.
    Dependence on external demand has deprived Germany’s workers of what they have earned, and should be able to save and spend. This leaves them dependent on exports for growth, in a self-reinforcing cycle. Most importantly, this means they move down the value chain in relative terms, not up. The pursuit of the same policy by its European trading partners will reinforce those pressures. Wage compression will not be a successful growth strategy for Germany’s or Europe’s future.
    insomma il miracolo tedesco è avvenuto per la maggior parte grazie al taglio degli aumenti salariali rispetto ai proprio concorrenti (insomma impoverando i propri cittadini). In compenso, non avendo riformato strutturalmente il poprio stato, gli invetimenti in capitale fisso e umano son latenti e la produttività aumentata di meno che nei paesi anglossasioni come usa e uk.
    Ultima modifica di Morfeo; 10-09-13 alle 00:09
    Dannato Barone Rosso.

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    Predefinito Re: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    i successi del modello tedesco, crescita 2013:
    germania 0,4%
    uk 1,9%
    http://www.leoniblog.it/2014/01/22/s...i-tutti-in-ue/
    Dannato Barone Rosso.

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    Predefinito Re: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    Citazione Originariamente Scritto da morfeo Visualizza Messaggio
    Topic teso a dimostrare che il fantomatico modello tedesco tanto decantato dai politici italiani è in realtà altamente inefficiente come ogni altro modello socialdemocratico e non può essere assolutamente preso come modello di riferimento.
    Veramente il sistema tedesco è preso a modello proprio perchè è stato quello più disciplinato nell'allontanarsi dal 'sociale'. Ancora più dell'Italia prodiano-berlusconiana, ancora troppo assistenzialista e corporativa.

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    Predefinito Re: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    che sciocchezze ,sostenere che il modello tedesco sia inefficiente;sono probabilmente ilpopolo più ricco della terra, quello in cui è più diffusa la ricchezza nella popolazione, quello in cui non esistono situazioni di povertà , tutti hanno un tetto sulla testa, hanno assistenza sanitaria, sussidi per vivere ;come si fa a sostenere che il loro modello sia inefficiente visto il benessere diffuso che hanno?
    enon solo hanno assicurato gran benessere alla loro popolazione tedesca, ma anche a milioni di stranieri che vivono in germania;
    Traiano likes this.
    i fanatici nazionalisti sono da sempre un danno infinito per l'umanità al pari dei fanatici religiosi; sono coloro che hanno causato le due disastrose e devastanti guerre mondiali e la maggior parte di tutte le guerre;

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    Predefinito Re: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    Citazione Originariamente Scritto da nafplio Visualizza Messaggio
    che sciocchezze ,sostenere che il modello tedesco sia inefficiente;sono probabilmente ilpopolo più ricco della terra, quello in cui è più diffusa la ricchezza nella popolazione, quello in cui non esistono situazioni di povertà , tutti hanno un tetto sulla testa, hanno assistenza sanitaria, sussidi per vivere ;come si fa a sostenere che il loro modello sia inefficiente visto il benessere diffuso che hanno?
    enon solo hanno assicurato gran benessere alla loro popolazione tedesca, ma anche a milioni di stranieri che vivono in germania;
    Perché "sò i sordi" che manovrano certi burattini. Se si ruba meno, o si cerca di inquinare di meno, E il prenditore produce meno e di conseguenza guadagna meno, non gli sta bene. Figurati che prendono ad esempio un popolo di mezzeseghe lardose ( 50% della popolazione obeso. E non sono compresi i sovrappeso) e superinquinato come gli USA e gli amerregani.
    Chi dice che "nessuno è clandestino" implicitamente non riconosce i confini, così come non li riconoscono i liberisti. È evidente che entrambi stanno dalla stessa parte.

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    Predefinito Re: Il modello tedesco: sfatiamo il mito

    Citazione Originariamente Scritto da matteox2 Visualizza Messaggio
    Veramente il sistema tedesco è preso a modello proprio perchè è stato quello più disciplinato nell'allontanarsi dal 'sociale'. Ancora più dell'Italia prodiano-berlusconiana, ancora troppo assistenzialista e corporativa.
    non toglie che sia ancora fondamentalmente un sistema socialdemocratico, che poi il suo successo sia dovuto solo al contenimento dei salari dei lavoratori è una conseguenza del primo fatto.
    Ultima modifica di Morfeo; 28-01-14 alle 21:19
    Dannato Barone Rosso.

 

 
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