Everybody lies down
Russia was frightened by American systems of global shock

By 2022, the US will have more than a thousand ABM missile defense systems, which in the future will exceed the number of combat units deployed on Russian intercontinental missiles. This was stated by the representative of the Ministry of Defense of Russia Alexander Emelyanov at the Russian-Chinese missile defense briefing on the margins of the First Committee of the UN General Assembly. "Such a number of ABM weapons poses a threat to the Russian deterrence potential, especially given the ongoing ongoing modernization of the missile defense complexes," added the military politician, who is also concerned about the US ability to shoot low-Earth orbit satellites and develop hypersonic weapons. "Lenta.ru" understood how Russia would respond to this and how it could threaten.

Old song

The representative of the Defense Ministry noted that the United States alone has more than 30 surface-guided GMI (Ground-Based Interceptor) guided missiles, 130 Standard-3 missile interceptors and 150 missile defense systems, of which 60 missiles are deployed in Europe, and about 90 are in the Asia-Pacific regional segment ABM.

At the Russian-Chinese missile defense briefing Yemelyanov spoke about the prospective intelligence capabilities of the US missile defense system, which, he said, could not only fix the start of Russian missiles, but also ensure the interception of their combat blocs. In particular, in 2018, US-based Standard-3 missile upgrades 2A will "be able to intercept strategic ballistic missiles not only in the middle and final, but also in the ascending phase of the flight trajectory, which allows striking ballistic missiles until the formation of the combat blocs."

The representative of the military department was concerned that the US could replace in Europe missiles with cruise missiles. "The thesis that in the ground version the Mk-41 launchers allegedly lose the ability to launch cruise missiles is unconvincing. The replacement of interceptor missiles on European missile defense bases with cruise missiles ... can be carried out secretly and in a short time. In this case, under the sights of cruise missiles will be the entire European part of Russia, "said Yemelyanov.

All this is not surprising. The US, like Russia and China, is consistently upgrading national missile defense systems, which are generally designed to contain a potential enemy, unless, of course, the elimination of its missile defense systems is followed by an attack.

Of special interest is the assessment by the Russian military of the US capabilities to destroy low-orbit satellites by ballistic missiles.

"The anti-satellite potential of the prospective Standard-3 missiles of the 2A version with increased flight speed, as well as GBI anti-missiles, is much higher. Under threat of destruction, almost all low-Earth orbiting spacecraft located in the zone of destruction of anti-missile complexes fall. Given the global nature of the actions of the ABM ships, the space activity of any state is under threat, "Yemelyanov said.

He recalled the tests of a decade ago when the US, with the help of one of the early modifications of Standard-3, brought down its own satellite in near-earth orbit at an altitude of 250 kilometers.

Third Plan

The military representative is worried about the development of hypersonic weapons in the US - military warplanes, drones and missiles capable of moving at a speed of more than five Mach numbers (more than six thousand kilometers per hour) on a significant section of the trajectory, and therefore extremely difficult to eliminate by modern air defense and missile defense systems.

The development of new weapons is considered as an element of the American "third compensation strategy", which provides for the application of the latest technologies and management techniques to achieve superiority over the enemy.

If the first two "compensation strategies" were implemented in the opposition of the USSR, then the third is directed primarily against China. The development of hypersonic weapons is largely realized within the framework of the PGS (Prompt Global Strike) initiative, the main goal of which is a guaranteed strike on any point of the planet within no more than an hour. It is proposed to create a hypersonic rocket or use a kinetic weapon (launched from a near-Earth orbit projectile), as well as the deployment throughout the planet of missile launch systems, for example, from submarines or aircraft carriers.

Although there is no clear plan for the implementation of PGS in the United States, it is possible that the main stages of the program will become reality.

Currently, according to Colonel Victor Murahovsky, the editor-in-chief of the journal Arsenal of the Fatherland, the PGS concept includes the Northrop Grumman X-47B (moving at subsonic speeds) and Boeing X-37 (orbital mini-shuttle, o he wrote "Lenta.ru"), as well as the possibility of combining missile defense systems with impact systems. An important element of the system of rapid global impact is low-orbit reconnaissance satellites, which issue target designations to percussion weapons and act as targets for the missile defense system.

Sworn friends

Elements of PGS are already deployed in certain regions of the planet, geographically close to Russia and China. "A striking example is the Aegis Ashore system of anti-missile defense deployed in Romania. The second complex will be deployed in Poland. And now, like Japan, under the pretext of a threat from the DPRK, it also agrees to the deployment of such a complex. Universal Mk-41 launchers are used there, from which both ABM missile defense systems and cruise missiles can be used, "Murakhovsky believes.

The Russian S-400 system and the C-300V4 caterpillar system are capable of partially cope with US hypersonic weapons, but they have high-altitude and speed limits. Murakhovsky believes that the S-500 will be able to fully counter American hypersonic weapons. "Probably everyone has heard about the promising universal system of anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense S-500. It will be able to successfully withstand the means of a rapid global strike, "the military analyst said.

With him, the former head of the international treaty management of the Ministry of Defense of Russia, Lieutenant-General Yevgeny Buzhinsky. "Our answer: we are improving the means of overcoming missile defense," the military said.

According to him, a dialogue on missile defense between Russia and the United States is practically impossible at present. "What contracts can be, everything is collapsing. We still have contracts for these few [units]. The INF remained (the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Short-Range Missiles - a comment of "Lenty.ru" ) remained, the START (Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms - note "Lenty.ru" ) remained. All. And then they will soon disappear, I think, "- said Buzhinsky.

Note that the US authorities did not give entry visas to members of the delegation of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, headed by the adviser of the Chief of the General Staff, Andrei Tretyak; The Russian military at the UN event in New York was represented by Emelianov.

Priorities selected

Major military conflicts of the future certainly will not do without hypersonic weapons and space reconnaissance. The corresponding funds are allocated to military science in the first place. Russia, like the US and China, is not an exception. Although militarily, these three countries are comparable, in the economy, Russia and the United States and China are separated by an abyss. In such a situation, the reduction of the military budget, planned in 2018, would have seemed reasonable, but in modern Russia the military is more important than teachers, doctors and scientists.

The latest version of the country's budget for 2018 provides for an increase in the share of military spending by 179.6 billion rubles, as a result of which the military budget will reach 3.05 trillion rubles. The growth of funding is largely attributable to closed items, in open, on the contrary, there was a slight decrease (by 2.2 billion rubles). For comparison, spending on all other areas, including social policy, education and health, is proposed to be reduced by a total of 54 billion rubles. Thus, in 2018, the share of military expenditures may reach 3.3 percent of the country's GDP.
Andrey Borisov